Gastro(stomach) Esophageal(gullet) Reflux(back washing up the gullet) Disease is usually a chronic condition. GERD refers to the periodic escape of stomach contents back up into the esophagus.
It’s caused by a leak in a sort of valve at the stomach inlet. The esophagus does not like the stomach acid. The main symptom is heartburn. This is a hot discomfort going from the stomach up to the throat. Sometimes the acid can be tasted.
Over time, changes in the lining cells of the esophagus called Barrett’s epithelium can occur. This can lead to cancer. Other problems include choking on acid at night.
Treatment includes medication, eating smaller meals and not close to bedtime, optimizing weight, limiting alcohol, avoiding tobacco, and choosing healthy foods. In other words, if it tastes good, spit it out except if you like the taste of kale or Brussels sprouts.